1 result is available use up and down arrow keys to navigate все контакты

Arrow keys in an inverted t layout arrow keys or cursor movement keys are buttons on a computer keyboard that

1 result is available use up and down arrow keys to navigate все контакты

Arrow keys in an inverted T layout

Arrow keys or cursor movement keys are buttons on a computer keyboard that are either programmed or designated to move the cursor in a specified direction.[1]
The term «cursor movement key» is distinct from «arrow key» in that the former term may refer to any of various keys on a computer keyboard designated for cursor movement, whereas «arrow keys» generally refers to one of four specific keys, typically marked with arrows.[2]

Arrow keys are typically located at the bottom of the keyboard to the left side of the numeric keypad, usually arranged in an inverted-T layout but also found in diamond shapes and linear shapes. Arrow keys are commonly used for navigating around documents and for playing games.
The inverted-T layout was popularized by the Digital Equipment Corporation LK201 keyboard from 1982.

Historical development[edit]

1 result is available use up and down arrow keys to navigate все контакты

The original Apple Macs had no arrow keys

Before the computer mouse was widespread, arrow keys were the primary way of moving a cursor on screen. Mouse keys is a feature that allows controlling a mouse cursor with arrow keys instead. A feature echoed in the Amiga whereby holding the Amiga key would allow a person to move the pointer with the arrow keys in the Workbench (operating system), but most games require a mouse or joystick. The use of arrow keys in games has come back into fashion from the late 1980s and early 1990s when joysticks were a must, and were usually used in preference to arrow keys with some games not supporting any keys.[citation needed] It can be used instead of WASD keys, to play games using those keys.

The inverted-T layout was popularized by the Digital Equipment Corporation LK201 keyboard from 1982.

Some Commodore 8-bit computers used two keys instead of four, with directions selected using the shift key.

The original Apple Macintosh had no arrow keys at the insistence of Steve Jobs, who felt that people should use the mouse instead.[3] They were deliberately excluded from the Macintosh launch design as a forcing device, acclimating users to the new mouse input device and inducing software developers to conform to mouse-driven design rather than easily porting previous terminal-based software to the new platform.[4] Arrow keys were included in later Apple keyboards. Early models with arrow keys but no middle section (Home, End, etc.) placed them in one line below the right-hand Shift key in an HJKL-like fashion; later versions had a standard inverted-T layout, either in the middle block or as half-height keys at the bottom right of the main keyboard.

Common usages[edit]

The arrow keys are used in many applications to do different things such as:

  • Moving text cursor to the right, left, previous line and next line
  • Moving player’s character in video games
  • Scrolling down and up in different documents and web pages
  • Changing the current selected item in a list or selecting file icon near to the current selected file in a file explorer
  • Moving selected object in a drawing software
  • Moving forward and backward while playing multimedia files

Alternative keys[edit]

Although the «arrow keys» provide one convention for cursor movement on computers, there are also other conventions for cursor movement that use entirely different keys.

5678 keys[edit]

This layout dates back to Sinclair ZX80, ZX81, and Spectrum home computer designs. These machines had number keys on the top row and various secondary functions for each, with ROM routines requiring simultaneous use of a shift key (CAPS SHIFT in particular from Spectrum onwards) to activate them. Cursor keys were those from 5 to 8, and keyboard labelling included left-, down-, up-, and right-arrow labels printed directly above in a colour matching wording on the relevant shift key.

In some software for these machines (eg. games) the vanilla 5/6/7/8 keys were directly associated with direction control when they had no other purpose, as this meant less complicated keypress detection routines could be used.

Although the QL-style keyboard on later Spectrum + and + 128K models introduced various dedicated keys including arrow keys either side the space bar (left/right in a pair to its immediate left, and up/down to the immediate right) and removed related labels, there was no difference which of the alternatives were used as far as software was concerned.

WASD keys[edit]

1 result is available use up and down arrow keys to navigate все контакты

WASD (,AOE on Dvorak keyboards; ZQSD on AZERTY keyboards) is a set of four keys on a QWERTY or QWERTZ computer keyboards which mimics the inverted-T configuration of the arrow keys. These keys are most commonly used to control the player character’s movement in computer games. W/S control forward and backward, while A/D control strafing left and right.

Primarily, WASD is used to account for the fact that the arrow keys are not ergonomic to use in conjunction with a right-handed mouse. During the early days of gaming, this was not a problem as the mouse was not utilised; the arrow keys controlled both movement as well as looking around , with strafing done through the use of modifier keys (usually Alt + ). However, the introduction of mouselook, a system that allowed the ability to use the mouse to look around both vertically and horizontally, enabled the player to perform techniques such as smooth circle strafing, which, although possible with the keyboard, was difficult to perform and resulted in jagged movement. Since the mouse was now used for looking, the and keys for looking would be redundant and thus were altered to become strafe keys.

The style was popularized in competitive play in Quake and subsequently QuakeWorld, notably by professional player Dennis Fong, where the advantages of WASD and mouselook were recognised over a purely keyboard-based control system.[5] In the same year that Castle Wolfenstein was released, 1981, the game Wizardry used the AWD keys for movement in a first-person dungeon. Both the programmers of Castle Wolfenstein and Wizardry were users of the earlier PLATO system where the game Moria used the AWD keys.[6]

Another advantage of WASD is that it allows the user to use the left hand thumb to press the space bar (often the jump command) and the left hand little finger to press the Ctrl or ⇧ Shift keys (often the crouch and/or sprint commands), as opposed to the arrow keys which lack other keys in proximity to press. Ctrl and ⇧ Shift were chosen partly because they are larger keys and thus easier to hit, but primarily because in older systems the computer could only recognise a couple of alphanumeric key presses, a limitation circumvented by the use of modifier keys. In later games, the usage of the E key to interact with items or open up the inventory was also popularized due to its location next to the WASD keys, allowing players to reach it quickly.

Dark Castle (1986) may be the first game to use WASD keys and mouse for control.[7] Half-Life (1998) was one of the first games to use WASD by default.[5] After being popularized by first-person shooters, WASD became more common in other computer game genres as well. Many of the games that have adopted this layout use a first-person or over-the-shoulder third-person perspective. Some games that use overhead camera views also use WASD to move the camera, such as some city-building games and economic simulation games.

ESDF keys[edit]

The ESDF variation is an alternative to WASD and is sometimes preferred because it provides access to movement independent keys for the little finger (Q, A, Z) which generally allows for more advanced manual binding. Incidentally, it allows the left hand to remain in the home row with the advantage of the F key home row marker (available on most standard keyboards) to easily return to position with the index finger.

Perhaps the earliest game to use ESDF was Crossfire (1981), which used the keys for firing in multiple directions.[8] Dan «vise» Larsen from Quake Team Deathmatch clan «clan Kapitol» popularized ESDF versus «WASD», explaining that the player gains three additional keys to bind the Quake game’s controls to. It is the default configuration for several games, such as Tribes 2. The game Blackthorne used a combination of arrow keys for movement and ESDF for actions. Moreover, these keys are compatible with both QWERTY and AZERTY keyboard layouts, which is a major plus if the game is also released in France or Belgium.

Some players use RDFG or TFGH to give access to even more keys (S and X for the little finger).

DCAS keys[edit]

Another alternate to the WASD shooter movement style is DCAS (sometimes called ASDC). In this configuration, D and C control forward and backward motion, while A and S control side-stepping (strafing). Typically the Alt key is utilized for crouching instead of the Ctrl key, as it is more easily reached when the hand is positioned for DCAS.

When Bungie’s first-person shooter Marathon was released in 1994, it featured up/down look control and the option to fully control turning and aiming by mouse (a feature later popularized by id’s Quake as mouselook/freelook). However, it did not include a set of default controls to handle this. With WASD not yet a well-known standard, some people devised their own control schemes to handle combined keyboard movement with mouse aiming; DCAS was one such control scheme.

Like WASD, DCAS allows the player to easily utilize the left modifier keys; this is advantageous because on most keyboards, the circuitry is better at tracking multiple key-presses simultaneously if some of them are modifier keys. But unlike WASD, the position of the left hand for DCAS gameplay is very similar to the left hand’s position on the home row keys. This is very comfortable for right-handed players and seen as the primary advantage over using WASD, but it is ill-suited for left-handed mousing.

IJKL keys[edit]

Two early games that used IJKL were Crossfire[8] (1981) and Lode Runner (1983).

IJKL is used by a growing number of browser games. These games cannot use the arrow keys because many browsers’ windows will scroll if the arrow keys are used, thus hindering gameplay. This is a problem specific to DHTML/JavaScript games. IJKL, like WASD, are arranged in an ergonomic inverted T shape, and, since they are used by the right hand, adjustment is easy for people who commonly use the arrow keys.

Also, in many games that also use the WASD keys, the IJKL keys are sometimes used as a secondary player control for games that have multiplayer.

Devil May Cry 4 by Capcom utilizes IJKL as the player’s action keys (such as Melee Attack, Ranged Attack, Special Attack etc.) as an alternative to mouse-driven actions.

IJKM keys[edit]

Some older computer games, especially those on 8-bit platforms, often had the combination IJKM used as the standard control key combination, which was more logically arranged, if far less ergonomic than an inverted-T. In addition, on the Apple II platform, special support existed in ROM for Escape mode. At the Applesoft BASIC prompt, using the right and left arrow keys to move the cursor would add/remove characters the cursor passed over to/from the input buffer. Pressing the Escape key entered a mode where pressing the I, J, K or M keys would move the cursor without altering the input buffer. After exiting this mode by pressing Escape again, normal behavior would resume. This made it easy to edit lines of BASIC code by listing them, then re-inputting them with edits interspersed.

AZ keys[edit]

The Apple II and Apple II Plus originally had left and right arrow keys but no up and down arrow keys. Many programs written for these computers used A and Z to substitute for the missing up and down keys. The IJKM combination was also popular on these computers. Another fairly common variant on these machines was the combination of RETURN and / (slash) with the left and right arrows, as those four keys roughly form a diamond on the keyboard; while the right ⇧ Shift key would be in the more natural position for «down», pressing ⇧ Shift alone was not detectable by software on an unmodfied Apple II or Apple II plus. All these keys fell somewhat out of favor after the release of the Apple IIe, which had a full set of arrow keys.

HJKL keys[edit]

1 result is available use up and down arrow keys to navigate все контакты

HJKL is a layout used in the Unix computer world, a practice spawned by its use in the vi text editor. The editor was written by Bill Joy for use on a Lear-Siegler ADM-3A terminal, which places arrow symbols on these letters since, it did not have dedicated arrow keys on the keyboard. These correspond to the functions of the corresponding control characters Ctrl+H, Ctrl+J, Ctrl+K, and Ctrl+L when sent to the terminal, moving the cursor left, down, up, and right, respectively.[9] (The Ctrl+H and Ctrl+J functions were standard, but the interpretations of Ctrl+K and Ctrl+L were unique to the ADM-3A.) This key arrangement is often referred to as «vi keys». HJKL keys are still ubiquitous in newly developed Unix software even though today’s keyboards have arrow keys. They have the advantage of letting touch-typists move the cursor without taking their fingers off of the home row. Examples of games that use HJKL are the text-based «graphic» adventures like NetHack, the Rogue series, and Linley’s Dungeon Crawl. It is also used by some players of the Dance Dance Revolution clone StepMania, where HJKL corresponds directly to the order of the arrows. Gmail, Google labs’ keyboard shortcuts and other websites use J and K for «next» and «previous».[10][11][12]

SDF-SPACE and ASD-SPACE[edit]

Another old-style variation that spawned from games like Quake was the SDF-SPACE layout. In this layout, S = turn left, D = forward, F = turn right, space = backpedal, E = strafe left and R = strafe right. This layout allows the player to aim with the mouse while strafing (sidestepping), turning and running or backpedalling all at once creating slightly more complex movements. This variation is not favoured any longer for two main reasons. First, because many players deem the turn commands useless because the mouse can act as a turning device, and so they assign S and F to the sidestep commands and leave the turn commands unassigned. The second, and probably more prominent reason is, in assigning both the turn and strafe commands, performing movements and dodges can be much more confusing, so newcomers tend to not prefer this key setup. Though no longer widely used, many FPS veterans and tournament players still employ this key setup.

This variant adopted to newer games using mouse-look doesn’t really need worry about the turn left and turn right keys. Instead S = strafe left, D = strafe right, A = backpedal, and space or F = forward. This is a more natural feel on the keyboard as your fingers rest on the home row. The comfort and usability points from ESDF apply here. Notice that jump is left out, that is because in games like Quake jump was usually MOUSE2. With more alternate fire and aim-down-sights oriented games today you may have to play with F, SPACE, and MOUSE2 on what you want them to do.

A similar layout is ASD-SPACE. Commonly used in 2D-based fighting games, ASD-SPACE maps A, S, and D to «left», «down», and «right» movement, while the spacebar is used for «up» (jumping). This allows an easier access to «360 degree» motions than a normal inverted-T layout, as well as being more ergonomic than simply placing all directions in a single row (ex. ASDF). There is even a «stickless» arcade controller based around the concept, called the Hitbox.[13]

WQSE keys[edit]

Another, close, variation is the WQSE combination, which follows the belief that the index and ring fingers’ natural and more ergonomic positions when the middle finger is on W are Q and E rather than A and D, respectively. This can be attested to by the fact that the arrow keys were partly designed in the inverted-T shape in order to avoid having the side buttons possibly directly underneath other keys.[citation needed] It also has the advantage that there is less distance needed to travel to reach the number keys. For similar reasons, some gamers use the WQSD combination (which is WASD with the A key moved up to Q, or WQSE with the E moved down to D). For players who prefer to keep the keyboard centered on the body, this results in less wrist rotation, as it places the index finger naturally over the D key when the left arm rests down to the left of the keyboard. Another variation is EWDF, which is the same shifted right one key, as in ESDF. SAZD is a slight variation on WQSE and WQSD, in that it is both ergonomic and rotated, but gives the fingers closer proximity to the ⇧ Shift and SPACE keys.

QAOP keys[edit]

QAOP, sometimes also called OPQA, dates back to Sinclair Spectrum days. The O/P keys were used for left/right movement, and the Q/A keys were used for up/down or forward/backwards movement. With SPACE being a key in the bottom right of the original rubber keyed Spectrum the M or sometimes N key would be used for fire/action; on later models the SPACE bar would be used.

QAOP had its own variations, as ZXKM or WELP. Many BBC Micro games used the keys ZX*? respectively for left, right, up, and down (with «*» being the key above and right of «?», where «@» is on modern UK keyboards). In each case, one hand controls left/right, and the other hand controls up/down movement. A further variation is used when two players use the keyboard at the same time; for example, Gauntlet uses the combination 1QSD for Player 1, and 8IKL for Player 2.

ESDX keys[edit]

The ESDX keys (known as the «cursor movement diamond») were used in the WordStar word processor and related applications, in combination with the Control key.

These keys were also used, and had arrows printed on them, on the TI-99/4(A) computer (1979-1984).

Numpad keys[edit]

The numpad or number pad keys are used quite often, but is used mostly in driving simulator games. This is mainly because these games usually have quite a large number of keys needed to control the vehicle properly and the number pad will have plenty of keys for that particular use. Another reason this is commonly used is because left-handed players will find this a more comfortable position than the IJKL keys (see above), and the number pad has fewer keys around it, thus it is less likely the player will hit the wrong key by mistake.

WAXD (including QEZC)[edit]

1 result is available use up and down arrow keys to navigate все контакты

Another variation is WAXD, using either 4 or 8 keys surrounding the «s» key. Eight directional arrows were printed on the keysets of PLATO terminals developed in the 1960s and 70s, and many games (including Empire, Dogfight, and more than a dozen dungeon games such as Avatar) utilize this layout. The TUTOR language display editor, character set (bitmap) editor, and line set editor also use these keys on that system and its successors. For ballistic targeting, key combinations (e.g. «we», «de», etc.) are used to get angles in multiples of 22.5 degrees. In many programs the «s» key is often used to either «select» or «shoot», depending upon the application.

This layout also appears on the numeric keypads of some keyboards, using 8462 (including 7913).

Less common variations[edit]

Vaguely related is the ZXC layout, used in many freeware games, and a common setup for emulation and older 2D gaming using a keyboard.[citation needed]

A few games from the 1980s, such as the Phantasie series, used the «3WES» layout, which forms a diamond on QWERTY keyboards. In this layout, three of the four keys happen to correspond to the compass directions «West», «East» and «South». These games usually assigned both «N» and «3» to «North».

AZERTY users will use the «ZQSD» combination instead of «WASD», since those are the keys in place of WASD on a QWERTY keyboard. Depending on the configuration, «QAOP» may either still work or be vertically inverted. On the Dvorak keyboard layout, «WASD» is «,AOE».

Left-handed players may use the numeric keypad instead.

A somewhat uncommon variant is YGHJ which while requiring the keyboard to be turned slightly clockwise, can result in the thumb resting comfortably upon the right Alt key and the little finger resting on C. This can be useful in games that utilize both jump and sprint functions as it allows the fingers to rest on smaller keys than ⇧ Shift and Space. The YGHJ configuration also places the hand closer to the center of the QWERTY section of the keyboard, potentially opening up the entire board to custom keybindings.[citation needed]

1 result is available use up and down arrow keys to navigate все контакты

QWOP‘s title refers to the four keyboard keys used to move the muscles of the sprinter avatar

The game QWOP uses the control scheme «QWOP» to control Qwop’s arms and legs. the Q and W keys control Qwop’s thighs while the O and P keys control Qwop’s calves making an intentionally difficult control system as a result.

Layouts such as Shift Z Ctrl X, where ⇧ Shift is up and Ctrl is down, allow all direction keys to be used in any combination, without the delay of changing finger position. But the use of modifier keys can be problematic, as some games do not allow mapping of these keys.

See also[edit]

  • Scroll lock
  • Arrow (symbol)
  • QWERTY
  • D-pad

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ ‘Inside Macintosh’, by Caroline Rose, Bradley Hacker, Apple Computer, Inc. Published 1985, Addison-Wesley Pub. Co. ISBN 0-201-05409-4. Original from the University of Michigan; Digitized Nov 16, 2007.
  2. ^ Visual editing on unix By B. Srinivasan, K. Ranai Published 1989 World Scientific Text editors (Computer programs) 182 pages ISBN 9971-5-0770-6
  3. ^ «Apple’s Steve Jobs Hates Buttons». CBS News.
  4. ^ «History of computer design: Macintosh». Retrieved 2013-01-21.
  5. ^ a b Tyler Wilde (2016-06-25). «How WASD became the standard PC control system». PC Gamer.
  6. ^ Wilde, Tyler (24 June 2016). «How WASD became the standard PC control scheme». PC Gamer.
  7. ^ Moss, Richard (2018-03-22). «The making of Dark Castle : An excerpt from The Secret History of Mac Gaming». Gamasutra. Retrieved 2018-03-25.
  8. ^ a b Tommervik, Art (January 1982). «Crossfire». Softline. p. 15. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  9. ^ Tenth Anniversary ADM 3A Dumb Terminal Video Display Terminal User’s Reference Manual, p. 1-5 (13 of 54).
  10. ^ «Gmail keyboard shortcuts».
  11. ^ «Google Experimental Search».
  12. ^ «Bloglines keyboard shortcuts».
  13. ^ «Fighting Game Button Controllers and Joysticks | Hit Box – Hit Box Arcade».

External links[edit]

  • The Nerd Corner: Inverse-T History

45. Данная форма предназначена для детального отражения налогоплательщиком Республики Казахстан сведений о Заявлении (-ях) налогоплательщика государства-члена Таможенного союза, импортировавшего товары (в том числе продукты переработки давальческого сырья) с территории Республики Казахстан. На каждое государство-член Таможенного союза заполняется отдельный лист путем отражения соответствующего кода государства-члена Таможенного союза, на территорию которого осуществлен импорт товаров (в том числе продукты переработки давальческого сырья) с территории Республики Казахстан.  

46. Представление приложения 300.09 является обязательным при представлении Заявления (-й) на бумажном носителе, полученного (-ых) от налогоплательщика государства-члена Таможенного союза, на территорию которого импортированы товары (в том числе продукты переработки давальческого сырья), либо при поступлении уведомления о получении органом государственных доходов сведений из Заявления (-й), поступившего (-их) от налогового органа государств-членов Таможенного союза, на территорию которого импортированы товары, в электронном виде.

При этом при представлении очередной декларации в приложении 300.09 подлежат отражению те Заявления, которые на момент наступления срока представления очередной декларации получены от налогоплательщика государства-члена Таможенного союза, импортировавшего товары (в том числе продукты переработки давальческого сырья), на бумажном носителе, либо по которым на момент наступления срока представления очередной декларации

поступили уведомления в электронном виде.

В случае, если на момент представления очередной декларации Заявления не получены на бумажном носителе либо уведомления не поступили в электронном виде, то сведения о таких Заявлениях подлежат отражению в дополнительной декларации.

47. Данная форма представляется за налоговый период, на который приходится дата совершения оборота по реализации товаров (в том числе продуктов переработки давальческого сырья).

48. Не отражаются в Перечне заявлений о ввозе товаров и уплате косвенных налогов сведения о Заявлении (-ях), представленном (-ых) налогоплательщиком Республики Казахстан при импорте товаров с территории государств-членов Таможенного союза.

49.  В разделе «Сумма НДС по реализованным товарам, выполненным работам по переработке давальческого сырья»:

1) в графе А указывается порядковый номер строки;

2) в графе В указывается номер отметки, проставленной налоговым органом государства-члена Таможенного союза на заявлении(-ях) о ввозе товаров и уплате косвенных налогов налогоплательщика этого государства-члена Таможенного союза;

3) в графе С указывается дата отметки, проставленной налоговым органом государства-члена Таможенного союза на заявлении (-ях) о ввозе товаров и уплате косвенных налогов налогоплательщика этого государства-члена Таможенного союза;

4) в графе D указывается идентификационный код (номер) покупателя/получателя товаров (в том числе продуктов переработки давальческого сырья) в государстве-члене Таможенного союза.

5) в графе Е указывается арабскими цифрами номер счета-фактуры, который должен соответствовать номеру, отраженному в счете-фактуре.

Количество ячеек для указания номера счета-фактуры при предоставлении реестра счетов-фактур по реализованным товарам, работам, услугам в течение отчетного периода в электронном виде не ограничивается;

6) в графе F указывается дата выписки счета-фактуры или дополнительного счета-фактуры, выписанного в соответствии со статьей
265 Налогового кодекса;

7) в графе G указывается дата совершения оборота по реализации, определяемая в соответствии с пунктами 1 и 4 статьи 276-6 Налогового кодекса;

8) в графе H заглавными кириллическими буквами указывается вид оборота, облагаемого по нулевой ставке. Если счет-фактура выписан по экспортированным в государства-члены Таможенного союза товарам, указывается «Э». Если счет-фактура выписан резиденту государства, не являющегося членом Таможенного союза, а грузополучателем товара на территории государства-члена Таможенного союза является резидент этого государства-члена Таможенного союза, то в данной графе указывается буква «Г». Если счет-фактура выписан по работам по переработке давальческого сырья, ввезенного на территорию Республики Казахстан с территории другого государства-члена Таможенного союза с последующим вывозом продуктов переработки на территорию другого государства, указывается «Р»;

9) в графе I указывается всего размер оборота, отраженного в счете- фактуре и облагаемого по нулевой ставке, по реализованным (отгруженным) в государства-члены Таможенного союза в течение налогового периода товарам или выполненным работам по переработке давальческого сырья, ввезенного на территорию Республики Казахстан с территории другого государства-члена Таможенного союза с последующим вывозом продуктов переработки на территорию другого государства.

Итоговая величина графы I указывается только на первой странице формы 300.09 в строке 00000001 и определяется путем сложения всех сумм, отраженных в данной графе всех страниц.

Составление формы 300.11



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В этом разделе мы собираем самые смешные приколы (комиксы и картинки) по теме use up and down arrow keys to navigate. (+ картинок, рейтинг 0.0 — use up and down arrow keys to navigate.)


На основании Вашего запроса эти примеры могут содержать грубую лексику.


На основании Вашего запроса эти примеры могут содержать разговорную лексику.

клавиши со стрелками

стрелки

помощью клавиш со стрелками

клавишами со стрелками

клавиши стрелок


Use the arrow keys to move and the left mouse button to shoot.



Используйте клавиши со стрелками для перемещения и левую кнопку мыши, чтобы стрелять.


Cross rugged terrain with your ATV quad bike, using the arrow keys to try and prevent yourself crashing.



Крест пересеченной местности с вашим ATV квадроцикл, используя клавиши со стрелками, чтобы попытаться предотвратить себя сбой.


Use arrow keys to drive and a SPACE key for Accelera.



Используйте стрелки для дисков и пробел для Accelera.


Be the best and destroy all the enemies. Use arrow keys to move a plane and Space to shoot.



Быть лучшим и уничтожить всех врагов. Используйте стрелки для перемещения плоскости и пространства, чтобы стрелять.


Control the falling blocks with the arrow keys.


Drive the tank with the arrow keys and use spacebar to jump.


Use arrow keys and handles the ship to get to the point of teleportation and collect bonuses.



Используйте стрелки и ручки корабль, чтобы добраться до точки телепортации и собирать бонусы.


Use the arrow keys to steer, accelerate and reverse and space to break.



Используйте клавиши со стрелками, чтобы направить, ускорить и обратного и пространство, чтобы сломать.


Use arrow keys to move through the maze, but ferestete of wizards and try to find yourself invisible cloak face care.



Используйте стрелки для перемещения по лабиринту, но ferestete мастеров и попробовать найти себя невидимым уходу за лицом плащ.


Use arrow keys to overtake other drivers, beat your own lap score and accept the cheers of the crowd.



Используйте клавиши со стрелками, чтобы обогнать других водителей, побить свой собственный счет круга и принимаю крики толпы.


If you’re using a modern version of vi, you can also use the arrow keys for this purpose.



Если вы используете современную версию vi, вы можете также с этой целью использовать клавиши со стрелками.


Use arrow keys to steer and drive the bike and press Space to jump over all obstacles.



Используйте клавиши со стрелками, чтобы направлять и управлять велосипедов и нажмите пробел, чтобы перепрыгнуть через все препятствия.


Now entering Vice City! Use arrow keys to drive.



Теперь входя Vice City! Используйте стрелки, чтобы двигаться.


Use arrow keys to move and help gargle or Buburuza to get home.



Используйте стрелки для перемещения и помогают полоскания или Buburuza добраться до дома.


Use arrow keys to maneuver a car and get your friends as soon as possible.



Используйте клавиши со стрелками для маневра автомобиль и получить ваши друзья, как можно скорее.


Colony Queen Use arrow keys to move, SPACE key to take it on flower pollen.



Колония королевы Используйте стрелки для перемещения, пробел, чтобы…


Control: Use the arrow keys to accelerate and space bar to activate the turbo.



Управление: Используйте клавиши со стрелками, чтобы ускорить и пробел, чтобы активировать турбо.


Snippy’s Adventure — Oregon Coast Use arrow keys to move and with the SHIFT key you can move faster.



Отрывочный приключение — побережье штата Орегон Используйте стрелки для перемещения и смены ключа вы…


Control the car with arrow keys.


In this mode, you can use the arrow keys to extend the selection.

Ничего не найдено для этого значения.

Результатов: 481. Точных совпадений: 481. Затраченное время: 83 мс

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Use your keyboard and a screen reader to explore and navigate the Start menu in Windows 11. We have tested this article with Narrator, JAWS, and NVDA, but the instructions might work with other screen readers as long as they follow common accessibility standards and techniques. 

Notes: 

  • To learn more about screen readers, go to How screen readers work with Microsoft Office.

  • To navigate the options in the Start menu’s grid view, use the arrow keys.

  • To control which app icons appear on the Taskbar and which icons appear in the Taskbar corner overflow, in Windows 11, press the Windows logo key +I. You hear «Settings window, search box, find a setting.» Press the Down arrow key until you hear «Personalization,» and then press Enter. Use the Tab key and Down and Up arrow keys to navigate the subcategories and when you hear «Taskbar,» press Enter. Press the Tab key until you hear «Taskbar corner overflow,» and then press Enter. To select which apps should show icons in the Taskbar corner overflow instead of on the Taskbar, press Spacebar to toggle the button.

In this topic

  • Navigate to the Search bar

  • Navigate to Pinned and All apps

  • Navigate to Recommended files

  • Navigate other Start menu items

Navigate to the Search bar

To find an app or to perform an action quickly, use the Search bar available on the Start menu.

  1. Press the Windows logo key to open the Start menu. You hear: «Search box, edit.»

  2. Type the search words for the action you want to perform. The list of search results is updated as you type. The search results are automatically categorized, for example, into apps, documents, and web results.

  3. Use the Down and Up arrow keys to browse through the search results.

  4. When you’ve found the result you want, press Enter to select it and to perform the action.

Navigate to Pinned and All apps

For quick access, some of the frequently used apps are pinned to the Start menu.

  1. Press the Windows logo key to open the Start menu. You hear: «Search box, edit.»

  2. If you want to browse the list of pinned apps, press the Tab key until you hear «Pinned,» followed by the name of the first pinned app. Then use the arrow keys to navigate the apps, and press Enter to open the selected app.

    Tip: To go directly to the first app beginning with a specific letter in the pinned apps, press that letter key.

  3. If you want to browse to all apps installed on your computer, press the Tab key until you hear: «All apps.» To open the All apps list, press Enter. Then use the Down and Up arrow keys to navigate the apps, and press Enter to open the selected app.

Navigate other Start menu items

The Start menu also provides quick access to the user profile, power options, documents, and many more. In Windows 11, the Start menu is centered on the taskbar and the exact selection of what appears on the Start menu depends on how you rearrange your icons, pin apps, manage your folders, improve app and file recommendations, and more.

  1. Press the Windows logo key to open the Start menu. You hear: «Search box, edit.»

  2. If you want to navigate to the user account menu, press the Tab key until you hear «User account,» followed by the name of the current user. To open the menu, press Enter. Use the Down and Up arrow keys to browse through the sign out, switch user, and lock options, and press Enter to select. To close the user account menu without making a selection, press Esc. The focus returns to the search box.

  3. If you want to navigate to the Power menu, press the Tab key until you hear «User account,» and then press the Right arrow key. You hear «Power.» To open the menu, press Enter. Use the Down and Up arrow keys to browse the Power menu options, and press Enter to select. To close the menu without making a selection, press Esc. The focus returns to the Power menu.

See also

Use a screen reader to explore and navigate Settings in Windows

Set up your device to work with accessibility in Microsoft 365

Accessibility support for Windows

Use your keyboard and a screen reader to explore and navigate the Start menu in Windows 10. We have tested this article with Narrator, JAWS, and NVDA, but the instructions might work with other screen readers as long as they follow common accessibility standards and techniques.

In this topic

  • Navigate the app list

  • Navigate pinned apps and folders

  • Navigate other Start menu items

Navigate the app list

The app list is ordered alphabetically and includes every app installed on your computer.

  1. Press the Windows logo key to open the Start menu. You hear: «Search box.»

  2. Press the Down arrow key once to move the focus to the start of the app list. You hear: «All apps.»

  3. Use the Down and Up arrow keys to navigate the app list, and press Enter to open the selected app.

    Tip: To go directly to the first app beginning with a specific letter, press that letter key.

  4. If your screen reader announces a folder, for example, «Microsoft Office Tools, folder, collapsed,» press Spacebar to expand the folder. Then you can browse its contents normally.

Note: Depending on your Windows 10 settings, the app list might have one or more groups before the All apps list starts. These include Recently added, Most used, and Suggested.

Navigate pinned apps and folders

In addition to the list of all apps, your computer might have some apps and folders pinned to the Start menu for quick access. They are laid out in a grid of tiles.

  1. Press the Windows logo key to open the Start menu. You hear: «Search box.»

  2. To browse the list of pinned apps and folders, press the Tab key until you hear «Pinned tiles,» followed by the name of the first group. Then use the arrow keys to navigate the tiles, and press Enter to open the selected app or folder.

Navigate other Start menu items

The Start menu contains a few items that are there regardless of which apps are installed on your computer. They include your user account menu, Power menu, Settings, File Explorer, and certain Windows 10 folders, such as Documents or Pictures. The exact selection that appears on the left side of the Start menu depends on your Windows 10 settings.

  1. Press the Windows logo key to open the Start menu. You hear: «Search box.»

  2. Press the Tab key once, and press the Down arrow key to browse the list of other items. To open a folder or menu, press Enter.

  3. If you open the user account menu or Power menu, use the Down and Up arrow keys to browse the options, and press Enter to make a selection. To close the menu without making a selection, press Esc. With Narrator and NVDA, the focus returns to the search box. With JAWS, the focus returns to the selected item in the Start menu.

See also

Use a screen reader to explore and navigate Settings in Windows

Set up your device to work with accessibility in Microsoft 365

Accessibility support for Windows